The Wappinger

Photograph:This wood engraving shows Dutch colonists meeting with the Wappinger at the end of a war between the two groups.

The Wappinger were a confederacy of Native Americans whose territory in the 17th century spread along the eastern bank of the Hudson River. Primarily based in what is now Dutchess County, New York, their territory bordered Manhattan Island to the south, the Mahican territory bounded by the Roeliff-Jansen Kill to the north, and extended east into parts of Connecticut.

The named bands, or sachemships of the Wappinger included:

Hammonasset, an eastern group at the mouth of the Connecticut River, in present-day Middlesex County, Connecticut

The Wappinger in Red
(The tribe is shown in Red)

Mattabesset, present-day New Haven County, Connecticut

Massaco, along the Farmington River in Connecticut

Siwanoy, coastal Westchester County, New York, into southwestern Fairfield County, Connecticut

Tankiteke, central coastal Fairfield County, Connecticut north into Putnam County and Dutchess County, New York

Tunxis, southwestern Hartford County, Connecticut

Menunkatuck, along the coast in present-day New Haven County, Connecticut

Paugusset, along the Housatonic River, present-day eastern Fairfield County and western New Haven County, Connecticut

Podunk, east of the Connecticut River in eastern Hartford County, Connecticut

Poquonock, western present-day Hartford County, Connecticut

Quinnipiac, in central New Haven County, Connecticut

Sicaog, in present-day Hartford County, Connecticut

Nochpeem, in southern portions of present-day Dutchess County, New York

Sintsink, east of the Hudson River in present-day Westchester County, New York

Wecquaesgeek, southwestern Westchester County, New York

Wappinger proper, members lived on the east side of the Hudson River, in present-day Dutchess County, New York

Kitchawank, northern Westchester County, New York