American Indians in Connecticut





Did you know the name "Connecticut" is an Algonquian Indian word? It means "long river" and refers to the Connecticut River.

The original Algonquian-speaking inhabitants of the area that is now Connecticut included:

The Mahican tribes (including the Pocomtuc)
 The Minisink (Munsee) tribe
 The Mohegan tribes (including the Niantic)
 The Pequot tribe
 The Nipmuc tribe
 The Quiripi tribes (Mattabesic, Paugusett, and Schaghticoke)

There were originally many small American Indian tribes in the Connecticut area, including the Mohegan, Pequot, Niantic, Nipmuc, Mattabesic, Schaghticoke, Paugussett, and others. Though all of them spoke related languages and shared many cultural similarities, each tribe had its own leadership and its own territory. However, European epidemics and warfare devastated the Connecticut Indians, and the survivors had to merge with each other to survive. Soon there were no longer clear distinctions between the groups, and today most Native Americans of Connecticut have heritage from more than one of these original tribes, regardless of which tribe they officially belong to. All of their languages have been lost, but native people continue to preserve their cultural heritage in Connecticut today.
There are two federally recognized Indian tribes in Connecticut today.
Here are the addresses of Connecticut's Indian reservations:

1 Mashantucket Pequot Nation:
PO Box 3060
Mashantucket, CT 06339

2 Mohegan Tribe:
27 Church Lane
Uncasville, CT 06382
http://www.mohegan.nsn.us/

Other Indian tribes, bands and communities remaining in Connecticut today include:
 Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation:
P.O. Box 208
North Stonington, CT 06359

 Paucatuck Eastern Pequot Tribe:
935 Lantern Hill Road
Ledyard, CT 06339



 Schaghticoke Indian Tribe:
PO Box 111
Kent, CT 06757